Effects of orthodontic treatments on periodontal tissues Efectos de los tratamientos de ortodoncia en los tejidos periodontales

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Karla Zhunio Ordóñez
Pablo Cesar Sacaquirin Zhunio


With the increasing number of adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment, orthodontists are increasingly faced with the risk of periodontal problems. Likewise, it is known that inadequate orthodontic movement can result in root positions outside the alveolar cortices, bone dehiscence, and root resorption. In addition to the fact that inadequate removal of bacterial plaque causes damage to gingival tissues such as caries and gingivitis. Coordination between orthodontists, periodontists, and general dentists is helpful in preventing and stopping periodontal disease. Objective: The objective of this bibliographical review is to analyze the effects of orthodontic treatments on periodontal tissues, as well as the degree of severity according to the movements made by the orthodontist. For this, a search was carried out in the Medline and Pubmed databases, obtaining a total of 31 articles. It is limited that orthodontic dental movement can induce root resorption, especially in intrusion movements that cause four times more root resorption than extrusion. , incisor intrusion and inclination of the maxilla can increase the degree of alveolar bone loss, in the same way the risk of root resorption or gingival recession is greater in adult patients than in young people.


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Zhunio Ordóñez K, Sacaquirin Zhunio PC. Effects of orthodontic treatments on periodontal tissues : Efectos de los tratamientos de ortodoncia en los tejidos periodontales. EOUG [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 4 [cited 2023 Jan. 27];6(1):75-8. Available from: https://revistas.ug.edu.ec/index.php/eoug/article/view/1845
Author Biographies

Karla Zhunio Ordóñez , Universidad Católica de Cuenca, Ecuador

Odontóloga. Especialista en Ortodoncia y Ortopedia Maxilar Universidad de Buenos Aires. Docente Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Ecuador

Pablo Cesar Sacaquirin Zhunio , Universidad Católica de Cuenca, Ecuador

Odontólogo. Especialista en Periodoncia e Implantología. Universidad Andrés Bello. Docente Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Ecuadofr


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