About of appropriate language and style for writing articles:
- Authors must use simple sentence structures, avoiding those too long or complex.
- The vocabulary used must be basic and common. The technical language must be briefly explained; also, the meaning of the acronyms must be given the first time they appear in the text.
- Authors are responsible for their work to be conducted in a professional and ethical manner.
About the length of articles
Manuscripts will have a maximum length of 12 pages in A4 size and in single space, with symmetrical margins of 2 cm, not counting the presentation page. Only in the case of review articles the 12 pages do not include bibliographic references.
About the presentation format
Submitted articles must be unpublished works written in English or Spanish, and must be typed in Microsoft Word (2003 and beyond), complying with the following indications:
- Times New Roman, 12 points (unless otherwise required for some sections).
- A single column in single space.
- Paragraphs are justified, and there should be no space between consecutive paragraphs.
- Do not include page breaks or section endings.
- If you want to highlight words or phrases in the text, do not use bold letter but italics.
- Decimal places must be pointed to with a comma (,) and not a period.
- Thousands and millions must be ed with a thin space.
- Avoid footnotes.
- Arabic nomenclature should be used up to the third level only.
- Each page will be numbered in the bottom margin in centered position and end with full words.
The first page (without numbering), must contain only the titles in Spanish and English and the names and surnames of the authors, in Roman alphabet, complying with the following indications:
- Times New Roman, 16-point (Title in Spanish).
- Times New Roman, 14-point (English title).
- Bold and centered alignment.
- Times New Roman, 12-point (Authors' First and Last Names), centered alignment.
About the article structure
Papers must have the following structure and comply with the following requirements:
Composition of an article
All articles submitted for evaluation and possible publication by the Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación must have at least the following components:
- Title in English and Spanish (mandatory).
- Abstract in English and Spanish (mandatory).
- Keywords in English and Spanish (mandatory).
- Introduction (mandatory).
- Material and Methods (mandatory).
- Results (mandatory).
- Discussion (mandatory).
- Conclusions (mandatory).
- Future work (optional).
- Acknowledgments (optional).
- Bibliographical references.
The article title must be short or divided in title and subtitle, attractive for the potential reader, and written in capital letters. It should appear centered between the margins, written in Century Schoolbook letter, in bold, font size 16. Maximum 20 Words.
The abstract has to be clear and concise. It must not exceed 200 words and must be structured according to the following headings (separated and written in bold: Context, Method, Results and Conclusions). This type of summary allows to give uniformity to articles regardless of the typology, that is, if it is a research article, or review. It must not contain abbreviations, bibliographic references, or unknown characters.
Keywords comprise a maximum of five (5) words, which reflect the content of the article and are appropriate for search engines. The keywords must be written in alphabetical order and be of standardized use, for which it is suggested to use international databases according to the area of knowledge.
Abstract in Spanish
Translation to the Spanish language of the text that appears in the abstract, it must be correct and precise.
Keywords in Spanish
Translation to the English language of the keywords in Spanish, they must be correct and precise.
The problem should be clearly identified and framed in the current moment, briefly expose the most relevant works, and highlight the contributions of other authors to the subject under study, justify the reasons why the research is carried out and formulate the relevant hypotheses and objectives.
Material and Methods/Methodology
A recommended sequence to write this section will be: define the population and the study group, the selected design, the selection and assignment of subjects to study groups, the intervention or treatment, the methods of analysis and those of information processing (statistical analysis). Its content should allow any professional specialized in the subject to replicate the research. New techniques must be detailed with the precision necessary for a complete understanding.
Only the information relevant to the objectives of the study should be presented, the findings should follow a logical sequence, and mention the relevant data, even those contrary to the hypothesis, should be reported in sufficient detail to justify the conclusions. Tables and figures can be presented to contribute to the sharpness of the explanation.
The coherence and fundamental contradictions of the data obtained are discussed, where the implications of the results with respect to the original hypotheses are evaluated and qualified. At this point the reader has the right to demand clear and direct explanations about whether the study offered an answer to the problem raised in the introduction, to know what the real contribution was, to know what conclusions were reached and to the theoretical-practical implications that can be inferred from the study.
Implication of the results and their relationship with the proposed objective. You should use the past tense and be careful not to repeat what is described in the discussion.
They should preferably be brief and include the essential contributions for the development of the paper.
Equations must appear centered with respect to the main text. They must be referenced with consecutive numbers (written in parenthesis close to the right margin). Equations are cited in the main text employing the word equation and followed by the number in parenthesis. Equations must be made in an appropriate equation editor and compatible with "InDesign" software, as for example the equation editor of Windows.
In the case of table implementation, it is recommended that these are not inserted as images, considering that in that format they cannot be modified. The title of each table must include the word table (in italic) followed by the corresponding consecutive number and a brief name of the table. The heading must be written in Futura letter, italic, and font size 7. Charts are not presented but tables and they should be automatically raised from the text processor. Tables should be named and referenced in the article, in strict order. Every table must have at the bottom the source from which it was taken, or to mention self-authorship if it is the case.
All the figures or pictures have to be sent PNG format with a minimum resolution of 300 DPI, adapted to a grayscale.
The footnote or name of each figure must include the word figure (in italic) followed by the corresponding consecutive number and a brief description of the content of the figure. The footnote of the figure must be written in Futura letter, italic, and font size 7. Figures must be named and referenced in the article, in strict order. Every figure must have at the bottom the source from which it was taken, or to mention self-authorship if it is the case.
The symbols of the constants, variables, and functions in Latin or Greek letters –included in the equations- must be in italic; the mathematical symbols and the numbers do not go in italic. The symbols must be identified immediately after the equation. Units, dimensions, and symbols of the international system must be used.
When using acronyms or abbreviations, the complete equivalence should be written first, followed by the corresponding acronym or abbreviation in parenthesis and from there it is only written the respective acronym or abbreviation.
The adopted reference citation style by Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación is APA sixth edition. Bibliographic references and infographics are included at the end of the article, it should not have more than 10-years-old, 25% must correspond to publications indexed in Scopus, and 25% must correspond to publications of Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación. The bibliographic references must be alphabetically ordered according to the author’s first surname, without numbering.
There should only appear the cited references in the main body of the work, in tables or in figures. It means, in the list, there should not appear other references although they have been consulted by the authors for the work preparation. We suggest using tools such as Cites and bibliography from Microsoft Word (for APA sixth edition version 2013 or superior), Zotero, Mendeley, among others.
The call for a bibliographic reference is inserted in the text, at the pertinent point, under certain characteristics:
- If the sentence includes the author’s surname, it should only be written the date into a parenthesis, for instance:
Cuando Vasco (2012), analizó el problema de presentado en ….
- When the author is not included in the sentence, surname, and date must be into a parenthesis.
La investigación de materiales dio una visión en el área (Martínez, 2012).
- If the document or work has more than two authors, the first cite must include all the surnames.
- (Fernández Morales, Villa Krieg & Caro de Villa, 2008) ….
- In the following mentions, it must only be written the author’s first surname, followed by "et al.".
En cuanto al estudio de las aguas, Fernández Morales et al. (2008) encontraron que …
- When the document or work has more than six authors, it must be used from the first mention "et al.".
Next, it is described a series of examples of the more used references, according to the reference style adopted by Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación:
Surnames, A. A., Surnames, B. B. & Surnames, C. C. (Date). Article’s title. Title of the publication, volume (number), pp. xx-xx. doi: xx.xxxxxxx.
Melas, C. D., Zampetakis, L. a, Dimopoulou, A., & Moustakis, V. (2011). Modeling the acceptance of clinical information systems among hospital medical staff: an extended TAM model. Journal of biomedical informatics, 44(4), 553-64. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2011.01.009
Varia, J. (2010). Migrating your existing applications to the aws cloud - A Phase-driven Approach to Cloud Migration. Amazon Web Services, (October), 1-23. Recuperado a partir de http://d36cz9buwru1tt.cloudfront.net/CloudMigration-main.pdf
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. City: Editorial.
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. Recovered from http://www.xxxxxx.xxx
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. doi: xx.xxxxxxxx
Surnames, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title. City: Editorial.
Book with author
Goleman, D. (2000). La inteligencia emocional: Por qué es más importante que el cociente intelectual. México: Ediciones B.
Book with editor:
Castillo Ortiz, A. M. (Ed.). (2000). Administración educativa: Técnicas, estrategias y prácticas gerenciales. San Juan: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas
Book electronic version:
Montero, M. & Sonn, C. C. (Eds.). (2009). Psychology of Liberation: Theory and applications. [Versión de Springer]. doi: 10.1007/ 978-0-387-85784-8
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. (Report No. xxx). City: Editorial
Report with authors
Weaver, P. L., & Schwagerl, J. J. (2009). U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuges and other nearby reserves in Southwestern Puerto Rico. (General Technical Report IITF-40). San Juan: International Institute of Tropical Forestry.
Report from a Government agency
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2009. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Recuperado de http://www.childstats.gov/pubs/index.asp
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. (Unpublished master or doctorate thesis). Institution name, Location.
Unpublished thesis, printed
Muñoz Castillo, L. (2004). Determinación del conocimiento sobre inteligencia emocional que poseen los maestros y la importancia que le adscriben al concepto en el aprovechamiento de los estudiantes. (Tesis inédita de maestría). Universidad Metropolitana, San Juan, PR.
Commercial database thesis
Santini Rivera, M. (1998). The effects of various types of verbal feedback on the performance of selected motor development skills of adolescent males with Down syndrome. (Tesis doctoral). Disponible en la base de datos ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (AAT 9832765).
Aquino Ríos, A. (2008). Análisis en el desarrollo de los temas transversales en los currículos de español, matemáticas, ciencias y estudios sociales del Departamento de Educación. (Tesis de maestría, Universidad Metropolitana). Recuperado de http://suagm.edu/umet/biblioteca/UMTESIS/Tesis_Educacion/ARAquinoRios1512.pdf
Standards or patents
Surnames, A. A. The patent title. Country and the patent number. Classification of the patent, official license date. Number and date of patent request, pagination.
Hernández Suárez, C. A., Gómez Saavedra, V. A., & Peña Lote, R. A. Equipo medidor de indicadores de calidad del servicio de energía eléctrica para usuario residencial. Colombia., 655. G4F 10/0, 15 de Marzo 2013. 27 de Octubre 2011, 147
Authors who publish in Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación know and accept the following conditions:
- The authors retain the copyright in the works, and grant to Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación the right of the first publication of the work, under an international license Creative Commons Attribution-NonComderderivatives 4.0 that allows third parties to share the work provided that its author and its first publication is indicated this journal.
- The authors retain copyright and guarantee to Investigación, Tecnología e Innovación the right to publish the work through the channels it deems appropriate.
- The authors are free to share, copy, distribute, execute and publicly communicate the version of the work published in Research, Technology and Innovation, recognizing its publication in this journal.
- The authors are authorized to disseminate their works electronically once they are accepted for publication.
The works are licensed:
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
You are free to:
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Under the following terms:
- Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
- NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
- NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.