Study of noise pollution in the area surrounding Delta Avenue through the application of Geographic Information Systems. (August 2022)
Keywords:Noise pollution, monitoring, noise map, sound level meter
The present research work evaluated the level of noise pollution in the area surrounding the University of Guayaquil, prioritizing the activity on Delta Avenue. The study was placed in the hourly analysis of morning, afternoon, and night, where it is observed that among the possible causes is the agglomeration of vehicles responsible for the emission of noise due to the excessive use of horns. The methodology focuses on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the problem using participant observation and noise capture through the application of a sound level meter (dB), exerting groups of influence in certain areas. According to the results, most points in the study area exceed the maximum permissible noise limits. In addition to monitoring, a noise map showing the sound pressure intensities at each point was made using ArcGIS software. It is concluded that noise emissions are in range from very annoying to very loud, for which strategies that prevent the direct passage of noise must be used to maintain the noise state to intrusive and unnoticed, which helps concentration and development. of study activities.
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