Community housing with a focus on spatial progression in the Sergio Toral 1 Cooperative, Guayaquil

Community housing with a focus on spatial progression in the Sergio Toral 1 Cooperative, Guayaquil


  • Andrea Salvador Prefecture of Guayas
  • Christian Zambrano JCL Construction Company
  • Lileana Saavedra University of Guayaquil



Community housing; spatial progression; productive housing; informal settlement; systemic approach


The access to decent and affordable housing in Guayaquil and at the national level is a latent need in terms of aspirations to improve the quality of life of families. Currently, 40% of the population cannot access decent housing, which is why family nuclei choose to settle irregularly in unplanned territories unsuitable for habitation. By this premise, a detailed diagnosis of the site will be prepared around perceived problems such as overcrowding, insecurity, and urban slums. The study's objective is to develop a housing plan scheme using two models of progressive community housing. First, an iterative analysis methodology with a qualitative-quantitative approach is used to analyze and parameterize the conditions of community housing focused on the progression of its spaces to obtain new schemes for housing plans that are accessible to low-income communities. Within the quantitative method, sequential and rational mathematical analysis is used to evaluate fundamental aspects of design. In conclusion, it is obtained that through the urban iterative process, planned spatial progressions can be obtained and that they improve the functional quality of the integral space and that the mathematical models generate acceptable spectra in the choice of the fundamental aspects.

Author Biographies

Andrea Salvador, Prefecture of Guayas

Born in Machala, Ecuador, architect graduated from the Catholic University of Santiago de Guayaquil, with a Master's Degree in Architecture and Territorial Planning, for 12 years she has provided service to the community through public institutions, she was deputy director of building and urbanization control in the Municipality of Guayaquil, currently works in the prefecture of Guayas as an expert in the direction of public works and as a teacher in the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of Guayaquil. Her work stands out for generating strategic alternatives that aim at collective wellbeing with a sustainable and resilient approach. She has built and designed renowned restaurants and housing in the city of Guayaquil.

Christian Zambrano, JCL Construction Company

Born in the city of Guayaquil, province of Guayas, Ecuador. Architect and builder by profession with a master's degree in territorial planning and urbanism, graduated from the University of Guayaquil. In the professional field with twelve years of experience in the real estate sector, from the development of real estate projects, planning and execution of building and urban projects. In the academic field he has published in high impact scientific journals indexed in Scopus and participated in international conferences on Human Factors in Architecture, Sustainable Urban Planning and Infrastructure. He currently teaches in technical areas of building and theoretical areas within sustainable urban development, as well as being part of the center of excellence of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of Guayaquil. His research is focused on the planning and optimization of decision making for buildings, application of bioclimatic criteria, renewable energy generation, building technologies and land planning, under sustainability criteria.

Lileana Saavedra, University of Guayaquil

Born in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Architect with a master’s degree in Territorial Planning and Environmental Management graduated from the University of Guayaquil. She have worked as general manager of a company carrying out construction activities. She have been a contractor for several works in the city of Naranjal, Ecuador.
She has made a scientific publication in springer magazine that is indexed in Scopus about Application of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Critical Success Factors. Case Study: Resettlement of the Population of the Tres Cerritos Enclosure, Ecuador.
Currently works as a teacher at the University of Guayaquil in the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism.
Her research interests are sustainable territorial planning, public space and building technologies.




How to Cite

Salvador, A., Zambrano, C., & Saavedra, L. (2022). Community housing with a focus on spatial progression in the Sergio Toral 1 Cooperative, Guayaquil. ArTeS: Architecture, Technology and Sustainability, 1(1), 9–16.