Etiology, diagnosis and treatment of cleft lip, palate and lip/palate in neonates and infants Etiología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de fisura del labio y/o paladar en neonatos y lactantes

Main Article Content

Norma Paucar Muñoz
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8400-912X
Miriam Ortega López
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7736-3617
Mario Téliz Meneses
Ronald Ramos Montiel
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8066-5365

Abstract

Introduction: Clefts of the lip and/or palate are the most common congenital malformations, with a high incidence and prevalence worldwide. The treatment of these begins immediately after birth, until adolescence, even into adulthood, through multiple pre-surgical, surgical and post-surgical interventions. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate, through a literature review, the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of cleft lip and/or palate in neonates and infants. Materials and Methods: A search was performed in electronic databases: ScienceDirect, PubMed, SciELO, Google Scholar, and the reports of the World Health Organization (WHO), American CleftPalate platforms (ACPA) - Craniofacial Association Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, WebMD, and the Rare Disease and Orphan Drug Information portal. The search was restricted to articles in English and Spanish, published from 2011 to 2021. Results: After applying the inclusion criteria, a total of 35 articles were obtained and reviewed. A review of the literature on the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of cleft lip and/or palate in neonates and infants was carried out. Conclusions: The authors consider that the main etiology of cleft lip and palate is unknown; however, there are various genetic and non-genetic risk factors. Diagnosis is made by ultrasound examination at 20 weeks of intrauterine life, and coordination of multidisciplinary teams is essential to guarantee the best results.

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1.
Paucar Muñoz N, Ortega López M, Téliz Meneses M, Ramos Montiel R. Etiology, diagnosis and treatment of cleft lip, palate and lip/palate in neonates and infants : Etiología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de fisura del labio y/o paladar en neonatos y lactantes. EOUG [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 4 [cited 2023 Jan. 27];6(1):37-55. Available from: https://revistas.ug.edu.ec/index.php/eoug/article/view/1626
Section
LITERATURE REVIEW ARTICLE
Author Biographies

Norma Paucar Muñoz, Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Ecuador

Odontóloga general. Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Ecuador

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8400-912X 

Miriam Ortega López, Universidad Católica de Cuenca, Ecuador

Odontóloga General, Especialista en Docencia Clínica Odontológica.  Universidad  del  Zulia,  Especialista  en  Odontopediatría.  Universidad UTE

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7736-3617

Mario Téliz Meneses, Hospital Regional Lic. Adolfo López Mateos

Médico adscrito al servicio de cirugía maxilofacial del hospital Regional lic. Adolfo López Mateos (issste)

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7839-6987

Ronald Ramos Montiel, Universidad Católica de Cuenca, Ecuador

Odontólogo General, Especialista en Ortodoncia, Especialista en Docencia Clínica Odontológica, Doctor en Ciencias Odontológicas. Coordinador de la Especialización en Ortodoncia y Docente de Grado de la Unidad Académica de Salud y Bienestar de la Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Cuenca-Ecuador.

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8066-5365

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