La huella ecológica de los perros y gatos de compañía

Autores/as

  • Cristian Sáenz De Viteri Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad de Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • Pablo Torres Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad de Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Guayaquil, Ecuador

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53591/cna.v16i2.1870

Palabras clave:

HEA, GEI, ambiente, animales, mascotas, Guayaquil

Resumen

Como indicador de desarrollo sostenible, la huella ecológica ha logrado proporcionar una base
para discutir los impactos ambientales del consumo humano. Los seres humanos son el origen de
numerosas actividades contaminantes en la Tierra y son los principales impulsores del cambio
climático. Sin embargo, se han realizado muy pocas investigaciones sobre los impactos ambientales
de los animales, especialmente los animales domésticos, como perros y gatos, quienes necesitan
cantidades significativas de comida para mantener sus necesidades energéticas diarias. Por lo
tanto, la huella ecológica animal (HEA) dietética podría servir como un indicador útil para evaluar
los impactos de las mascotas en el medio ambiente. En el presente artículo, explicamos el impacto
ambiental de los perros y gatos de compañía cuantificando su HEA y las emisiones de gases de
efecto invernadero (GEI) de acuerdo con los datos primarios recopilados en los tres distritos de
la ciudad Guayaquil en coordinación con la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la
Universidad de Guayaquil y de la Unidad de Bienestar Animal de la Alcaldía de Guayaquil; los
resultados muestran que la HEA dietética de perros y gatos de compañía con comida seca comercial
en el distrito 3 o en el distrito 1 era aproximadamente dos veces mayor que el de los distrito 2.
Se concluye que la mayoría de los perros y gatos de compañía en los distritos 1, 2 y 3 de Guayaquil
consumen más energía de la que realmente necesitan para mantener una actividad normal, lo que
afecta en las emisiones de GEI y la HEA de la dieta

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Publicado

2022-12-09

Cómo citar

Sáenz De Viteri, C. ., & Torres, P. (2022). La huella ecológica de los perros y gatos de compañía. Revista Científica Ciencias Naturales Y Ambientales, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.53591/cna.v16i2.1870