Analysis of Guayaquil through the 12 criteria to determine a good public space based on New City Life by Jan Gehl

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Israel David León Castillo
Olga Victoria Solis Sanchez
Lenin Henry García Palma
Gema Nicole Macias Moreno
María Isabel Aviles Guales
Christel Dalys Cercado Coronel


Public space as a  concept has been determined as a privatized and disused space that suits the short stay of its users.  One of the main challenges facing public spaces in Latin America is poverty and inequality. Many urban residents of the region live in informal settlements or slums, where public spaces are often scarce or of poor quality. In addition, crime and safety issues can limit the use and enjoyment of public spaces in some areas.  The present study analyzes the conditions of public space through the urban imaginary, typical in the public spaces of Guayaquil, which have problematic conditions in terms of insecurity, privatization, and disuse, leading to determine these spaces as urban voids. The objective presented is to use a qualitative analysis model of Jan Gehl's 12 criteria of public space as guidelines for the design and improvements of the new public space within Guayaquil. The methodology used is based on case studies and evaluation of the indicators of each of the criteria, thus entailing a theorized framework. As a result, the application of 12 criteria can strengthen use, reduce insecurity, de-privatize public space, and improve the current designs of public spaces under the conditions of sustainable public space, thus increasing the amount of green area.

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How to Cite
León Castillo, I. D., Solis Sanchez, O. V., García Palma, L. H., Macias Moreno, G. N., Aviles Guales, M. I., & Cercado Coronel, C. D. (2022). Analysis of Guayaquil through the 12 criteria to determine a good public space based on New City Life by Jan Gehl. ArTeS: Architecture, Technology and Sustainability, 3(1), 17–25.
Author Biographies

Israel David León Castillo, Viviana Vicuna & Architects

Leon, Israel Born in Ecuador in 2000 in Guayaquil, Ecuador, graduated from high school in Natural Sciences, ninth semester student of Architecture with mention in Urbanism at the State University of Guayaquil, currently working as a Jr. architect for an interior design and architecture studio.

Olga Victoria Solis Sanchez, Viviana Vicuna & Architects

Solis, Olga Born in Ecuador, Jipijapa in 2000. Bachelor of Science, ninth semester student in Architecture profiled towards the Urban area at the State University of Guayaquil, experience in interior design, furniture modulation, renderings and 3D visualizations.

Lenin Henry García Palma, Viviana Vicuna & Architects

Garcia, Henry. Born in Ecuador in the year 200 in Guayaquil, Guayas province. Ninth semester student of Architecture with mention in Urbanism at the State University of Guayaquil. Topics of interest include sustainable development, urban design, rendering and interior design.

Gema Nicole Macias Moreno, Viviana Vicuna & Architects

Macías, Nicole Born in the city of Portoviejo, province of Manabí, Ecuador. Ninth semester student of Architecture with a major in Urbanism at the University of Guayaquil, graduated from the Cristo Rey Educational Unit with an International Baccalaureate diploma. Her areas of interest include illustration and digital presentation of projects and city planning models.

María Isabel Aviles Guales, Viviana Vicuna & Architects

Aviles, María Born in the city of Guayaquil, province of Guayas, Ecuador. Ninth semester student of Architecture with mention in Urbanism at the University of Guayaquil. Mainly interested in illustration, digital presentation of projects and rendering of buildings.

Christel Dalys Cercado Coronel, Viviana Vicuna & Architects

Cercado, Christel Born in 1998 in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Ninth semester student of Architecture with mention in Urbanism at the State University of Guayaquil. In final process of academic and professional training. Topics of interest include diagramming, urban projects and development of projects for the community.


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