Dispersed city, urban morphology, and the relationship between space and society. Case study: Machala.

Dispersed city, urban morphology, and the relationship between space and society. Case study: Machala.


  • Dayanna Estefanía Riofrío Valdiviezo CZ Arkdesign
  • Christian Paúl Zambrano Murillo CZ Arkdesign




Dispersed city, compact city, urban planning, urban morphology, urban space


The present research work consists of the reading of the city and study of Machala through the bibliographic analysis of the urban morphology, the dispersed city, the compact city, the urban centralities, and the palpable problems at the sociospatial level, reviewing the scale at which a city must be built and the conflicts when an urban development model is not followed. The case study starts with the review of roads, urban grid, blockage, and land use to determine the errors in current planning, and how urban-social segregations have been created due to the centralities located in a single part of the city, economically empowering certain privileged sectors. Thus, its dispersion is appreciated through a methodology where the current state of the city is compared through five axes that make up the solution to the dispersed city, categorized as a compact city, to find a desired and possible solution in the current conditions of Machala, enhancing existing facilities that have transcended in a historical and representative way for citizens and the city.

Author Biographies

Dayanna Estefanía Riofrío Valdiviezo, CZ Arkdesign

Dayanna Estefanía Riofrío Valdiviezo born in Machala, Ecuador, architecture student from the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of Guayaquil, currently studying ninth semester. She has taken several courses that certify her knowledge applied to the architecture career, participated in projects carried out by the University of Guayaquil, in the area of design and urbanism, obtaining participation certificates in a technological innovation project for the faculty and recognition in an urban intervention project for "Avenida 9 de Octubre" in Guayaquil. Her fields of interest and possible future lines of research consist of new ways of conscious and sustainable design, and the relationship of people and the city to carry out urban planning.

Christian Paúl Zambrano Murillo, CZ Arkdesign

Christian Paul Zambrano Murillo born in the city of Guayaquil, province of Guayas, Ecuador. Architect and builder by profession with a master's degree in territorial planning and urbanism, graduated from the University of Guayaquil. In the professional field with twelve years of experience in the real estate sector, from the development of real estate projects, planning and execution of building and urban projects. In the academic field he has published in high impact scientific journals indexed in Scopus and participated in international conferences on Human Factors in Architecture, Sustainable Urban Planning and Infrastructure. He currently teaches in technical areas of building and theoretical areas within sustainable urban development, as well as being part of the center of excellence of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of Guayaquil. His research is focused on the planning and optimization of decision making for buildings, application of bioclimatic criteria, renewable energy generation, building technologies and land planning, under sustainability criteria.


G. Tapia, "Planning Guidelines for the development of a Green Infrastructure Plan in the commune of Algarrobo.," Santiago. Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism. Master's Program in Urbanism, 2018.

B. Notteboom, "Residential landscapes—Garden design, urban planning and social formation in Belgium," Urban For. Urban Green., vol. 30, pp. 220–238, Mar. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.ufug.2017.02.013.

J. Cuevas, "Pedestrian Mobility Plan: Reordering the Downtown Zone of the City of Toluca," 2018. Accessed: May 24, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/161395517.pdf

Y. P. Calderón, "Influence of informal settlements in the Cantons of the Province of Manabí during the year 2010-2018 to regulate the right of ownership," 2018, Accessed: Mar. 24, 2022. [Online]. Available: http://repositorio.ug.edu.ec/handle/redug/34893

R. Tavares-Martínez, J. F.-O.-R. de Arquitectura, and U. 2019, "Community planning in socially vulnerable neighbourhoods. Identification of social actors in a community," Rev. Arquit., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 22–32, 2019, doi: 10.14718/RevArq.2019.21.2.2258.

B. A. Colorado Pástor, M. M. Fois Lugo, M. Leyva Vázquez, and J. R. Hechavarría Hernández, "Proposal of a Technological Ergonomic Model for People with Disabilities in the Public Transport System in Guayaquil," 2020, pp. 831–843. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-19135-1_81.

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How to Cite

Riofrío Valdiviezo, D. E., & Zambrano Murillo, C. P. (2022). Dispersed city, urban morphology, and the relationship between space and society. Case study: Machala. ArTeS: Architecture, Technology and Sustainability, 3(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.53591/ArTeS.v3.i1.1978